The CCPA permits consumers to “institute a civil action” only where consumer “nonencrypted or nonredacted personal information” is “subject to an unauthorized access and exfiltration, theft, or disclosure.” [1] The CCPA does not provide a private right of action, nor does it provide statutory damages, if a company violates its obligation to disclose to

The CCPA contains several references to the obligation of a business to, in response to an access request, provide the “specific pieces of personal information” that it has collected about a California resident.1 Each of those sections is modified by California Civil Code Section 1798.130(a)(2), which states that “the disclosure” required by a business